The structure and function of the skin

The skin is a part of the body that plays an important role in the health and well-being of people. A healthy skin helps the body maintain its balance of substances. Sensitive and vulnerable skin will bring a lot of troubles from different potential risks. Then learn how to create the skin to understand and care for the skin effectively.

The structure of the skin

According to experts, the structure of the skin can be divided into three main components: the epidermis, the mesoderm, and the dermis.


The epidermis is the outer layer of the skin that can be touched and observed daily. The average thickness of this layer is about 0.2mm.

The main function of the epidermis is to protect the body from the invasion of other objects such as dust, chemicals, fungi, bacteria, the effects from everyday activities. It helps you synthesize vitamin D, prevent ultraviolet rays and is a feature of skin color.

The epidermis is divided into four parts: the corneum, the granular, the spinosum, the basale.

The structure and function of the skin

>>>>>>> More: What is skin rejuvenation?


The mesoderm is next to the epidermis, consisting of two basic parts: the papilla and the reticula.

The papillae are extremely thin and the fact that they exist or not is based on each skin area on the body. The reticula are made up of bundles of dense irregular connective tissues. They are tightly linked together to create a firm and healthy complexion. However, the skin will lose its natural beauty over time. In addition, the reticula also exist in the sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, nerves and blood vessels.


The dermis is the fat layer under the skin. It is also believed to protect the skin from sudden shocks and to regulate the body temperature. However, for each person’s body, they will have different thicknesses.

Structure of the skin apart from the three above main components also contains the following components: sweat glands, sebaceous glands, nails, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nerves, mucous membranes, etc.

Function of the skin

Skin is a barrier against the bad effects from the environment outside. Therefore, the function of the skin is very important.

Protect the body

Skin protects us from other bad effects like ultraviolet rays from the sun. Prevent dehydration, maintain the moisture needed by the body. At the same time, play the role of waterproofing to avoid the penetration of water and other substances.

However, strong effects on the skin are difficult to avoid and suffer minor and severe injuries depending on the severity of the effects.

Regulate the body temperature

If the outside temperature is too high, the skin will sweat to cool the body. And vice versa, when the temperature is low, the blood vessels shrink and reduce sweating to keep heat. In addition, the skin also has thermal effects on the body, preventing heat loss.

Receive sensation

Skin has the function of receiving heat, cold, pressure, contact, …. This function helps the body to better adapt to bad conditions and avoid negative conditions.


The skin eliminates the body’s largest waste, releasing it through the sweat glands and pores.

Endocrine function

Skin is the source of vitamin D for the body. Vitamin D is synthesized under the skin when exposed to enough sun for the skeletal system.

Other functions: support against disease, reflect health status and express the natural beauty of human,etc.

The above is the skin structure and it plays an important role in everyday life for humans. According to the different endocrine characteristics of each person, each person owns different skin. 

Things to know when the skin is hurt

Damaged skin will lose moisture and elasticity from visible signs of dry, cracked, rough, sagging skin. The skin becomes more sensitive to the outside and it is more susceptible to infection.

Infected skin can become inflamed, then immune cells will try to restore to protect the skin from further damage. However, depending on the health of each person, the skin needs care in time to restore and regenerate skin quickly.

Skin lesions in the dermis are prone to keloids, scars, bad scars on the outside of the body. Skin lesions also damage our mental and emotional well-being. Therefore, it is necessary to know and apply skin regeneration treatment.

The above is some information about the structure and function of the skin. To possess natural beautiful skin which is not to be hurt by the bad external factors, we always need to know how to care, use high quality cosmetic methods and limit exposure to negative conditions. Join Skin Science Solution regularly to keep your skin healthy.

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *